This literature review provides an up-to-date overview of causal evidence of the consequences of child work on children’s development, education, and health.

It explores the harmful consequences of work by children and describes the complex, nuanced, and multidimensional relationship between child work and its impacts, drawing on more than thirty rigorous quantitative studies.

This study focuses on several outcomes affected by the work during childhood and adolescence. These outcomes include school attendance, dropout, and academic performance, the child’s physical and mental development, and the consequences of child work on their adult lives.