Background Material

In this section you can find material that goes deeper into the complex topic that is child labour in the cocoa trade. From expansive reports to toolkits and e-learning modules; you can find information to better understand what guides our work.

Latest Publications for - Background Material

Harkin Engel Protocol

In September 2001, chocolate and cocoa industry representatives signed an agreement, developed in partnership with Senator Tom Harkin and Representative Eliot Engel, to eliminate the worst forms of child labour in the growing and processing of cocoa beans and their... Read More


FAO E-Learning Module: 'End Child Labour in Agriculture'

The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) launched an E-learning tool designed to raise awareness amongst stakeholders about child labour in agriculture. Entitled ‘End Child Labour in Agriculture’, the online module is aimed at agricultural policy-makers and advi... Read More


The Fairness Gap - Farmer incomes and root cause solutions to ending child labour in the cocoa industry

The International Labour Rights Forum presents a report that aims to identify strategies and collaboration points in the cocoa industry. Access the report here. Read More

Tulane Report: Survey Research on Child Labor in the West African Cocoa Sector 2013/14

"Oversight of Public and Private Initiatives to Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labor in the Cocoa Sector in Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana" is a four and a half year project spearheaded by the Payson Center for International Development at Tulane University and financ... Read More

International conference on child labour in agriculture

In 2012, the Global March Against Child Labour organised an international conference on child labour in agriculture. You can read a summary of the event where delegates discussed and explored how to support small scale farmers and their families. Through this link... Read More

Marking progress against child labour, Global estimates and trends 2000-2012

In this report the ILO presents estimates of child labour for 2012 and identifies trends from 2000 to 2012. Download the report here. Read More

Cocoa Farming: An Overview

Here you can find out facts about cocoa production and follow the process from bean to bar. In this report there are also best practices and case studies on methods to reduce the worst forms of child labour from cocoa production. Access the report here. Read More

Children's Rights and Business Principles

UNICEF, Save the Children the UN Global Compact present principles to enable business to respect and support children's rights through their activities and business relationships. You can access the principles here. Read More

Joining forces against child labour - Inter-agency report for the Hague Global Child Labour Conference

This report from the Understanding Childrens Work (a collaboration between the ILO, World Bank and UNICEF) calls for child labour to placed at the forefront of national development agendas. Access the report here. Read More

Child Labour and Children's Economic Activities in Agriculture in Ghana

This report explores knowledge gaps on child labour issues in the agricultural sector. It is the result of a joint initiative between the FAO and the Seminar for Advanced Training in Rural Development of the Humboldt University Berlin. Access the report here. Read More