Background Material

In this section you can find material that goes deeper into the complex topic that is child labour in the cocoa trade. From expansive reports to toolkits and e-learning modules; you can find information to better understand what guides our work.

Latest Publications for - Background Material

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A Study of the Role Chocolate Manufacturers and Certifiers are Playing in Combatting Human Trafficking and Child Labour

This Stop the Traffik report assesses how the six biggest chocolate manufacturers (Ferrero, Hershey, Lindt & Sprüngli, Mars, Mondelez and Nestlé) and three leading certification systems (Fairtrade, Rainforest Alliance and UTZ) are addressing the issues of human... Read More

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Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Ghana

This document, compiled by the US Department of Labour, presents a broad overview of child labour in Ghana. It provides details on children's work by activity and sector as well as legal frameworks, law enforcement, government policies and social programs addressin... Read More

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Global Estimates of Child Labour: Results and Trends, 2012-2016

This report describes the scale and key characteristics of child labour throughout the world. While child labour has decreased globally since 2000, the rate of progress is insufficient to meet target 8.7 of the Sustainable Development Goals, child labour eliminatio... Read More

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Rooting out child labour from cocoa farms – A manual for training education practitioners: Ghana

This training manual was produced by the International Labour Organization (ILO) under the West African Cocoa and Commercial Agriculture Project to Combat Hazardous and Exploitative Child Labour (WACAP). It is a training course intended for education practitioners... Read More

SAMSUNG CAMERA PICTURES

Rooting out child labour form cocoa farms – Child labour monitoring: A partnership of communities and government

This paper is the fourth in a series published by the International Labour Organization (ILO) that synthesizes the knowledge and experience acquired from implementation of the West African Cocoa and Commercial Agriculture Project to Combat Hazardous and Exploitive... Read More

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Rooting out child labour from cocoa farms – Sharing experiences

This paper is the third in a series published by the International Labour Organization (ILO) that synthesizes the knowledge and experience acquired from implementation of the West African Cocoa and Commercial Agriculture Project to Combat Hazardous and Exploitive C... Read More

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Rooting out child labour from cocoa farms – Safety and health hazards

This paper is the second in a series published by the International Labour Organization (ILO) that synthesizes the knowledge and experience acquired from implementation of the West African Cocoa and Commercial Agriculture Project to Combat Hazardous and Exploitive... Read More

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Rooting out child labour from cocoa farms – A Synthesis report of five rapid assessments

This paper is the first in a series published by the International Labour Organization (ILO) that synthesizes the knowledge and experience acquired from implementation of the West African Cocoa and Commercial Agriculture Project to Combat Hazardous and Exploitive C... Read More

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The Cocoa Industry and Child Labour

This article recounts the history of the international cocoa industry moving towards acknowledgement of serious labour issues in the global cocoa supply chain, and then a public commitment to act to address the problems. This short historical account explains how t... Read More

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Survey On Child Labour in Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire

Researchers from Tulane University conducted a study to assess the prevalence of, and measure changes in, estimates of children working in child labour, and in the worst forms of child labour (WFCL) in the production of cocoa in Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana. The Final R... Read More